Health

Tooth fracture is usually the result of some sort of untreated dental issue that weakens the teeth and results in a fracture. For example, if you have a cracked tooth, it may eventually fracture as the result of repeated stress. This is part of the reason why it’s so important to seek dental care sooner rather than later. In these cases, you may notice the fracture when a piece of your tooth randomly comes loose in your mouth.

You should get dental care as soon as possible when you fracture a tooth, especially if you’ve sustained damage to other teeth or other parts of your mouth, especially the gums and tongue.

Mouth lesions and sores rarely require immediate emergency medical attention, but they can be painful and embarrassing, especially if the sores are visible. A person with a mouth or tongue lesion has lumps, bumps, little ulcers, or cuts or sores inside or outside the mouth and lips. Viral and fungal infections are the main cause of mouth sores. Two of the most common causes of recurrent oral lesions are fever blisters (also known as cold sores) and canker sores. Cold sores on the mouth are likely caused by the herpessimplex virus 1, or herpes, which affects nearly two-thirds of all adults worldwide. Canker sores are small mouth ulcers that usually go away by themselves.

Any sores that persist need to be examined by your dentist.

Orthodontics is the specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or can deal with the control and modification of facial growth. Orthodontic treatment can be carried out for purely aesthetic reasons with regards to improving the general appearance of patient’s teeth. Today’s orthodontics involves repositioning of the teeth and underlying roots, providing better support for the crown of the tooth. Orthodontic treatment is now associated with the benefits of greater esthetic appeal, increased comfort and reduced treatment time.

Braces work by the following method.
Teeth move through the use of force. The force applied by the arch wire pushes the tooth in a particular direction and a stress is created within the periodontal ligament. The modification of the periodontal blood supply determines a biological response which leads to bone remodeling.

Traditional braces are stainless steel, sometimes in combination with nickel titanium, and are the most widely used. These include conventional braces, which require ties to hold the arch wire in place, and newer self-tying (or self-ligating) brackets. Self-ligating brackets may reduce friction between the wire and the slot of the bracket, which in turn might be of therapeutic benefit.

Ceramic braces serve as a cosmetic alternative to traditional metal braces by blending in more with the natural colour of the teeth or having a less conspicuous or hidden appearance. Clear elastic ties and white metal ties are available to be used with these clear braces to help keep the appliances less conspicuous. These ceramic braces, or clear braces, have a higher component of friction and tend to be more brittle than metal braces.

Child Care Dentistry/Pediatric Dentistry is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. This discipline focuses intimately on pediatric/adolescent growth and development, disease causality and prevention, child psychology and management, and all aspects of the highly-specialized Pediatric restorative techniques and modalities. Some Pediatric Dentists also specialize in the care of “special needs” patients, such as people with cerebral palsy, mental retardation and autism. Pediatric dentists require an extra two to three years of dental training that prepare them in meeting the unique dental needs of infant children and adolescent dental care. This also includes those with special health care needs.

Additionally pediatric dentists work towards the maintenance of primary teeth (baby teeth) until they are naturally lost. This is due to the importance they serve in permitting children to chew properly and therefore maintain good nutrition its role in speech development and the way it aids permanent teeth by saving space for them.

Any condition that affects the gums and other structures supporting your teeth. However, bacteria cause the most common forms of gum diseases. These bacteria grow in a film called dental plaque that sticks on the tooth surfaces next to the gums. The bacteria can cause inflammation and infection. Gum diseases thus begin with bleeding gums, but can lead to tooth loss if allowed to continue. If you’re diagnosed with a gum disease, your periodontist(gum specialist) may recommend periodontal surgery. Periodontal surgery is necessary when your periodontist determines that the tissue around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment.

Dentists and oral surgeons (dentists with special training to perform surgery) perform tooth extractions. Before pulling the tooth, your dentist will give you an injection of a local anesthetic to numb the area where the tooth will be removed. After the procedure, the doctor will instruct you about the precautions that need to be taken. A follow-up after a week will be scheduled to assess  your oral health.

In the situation that a tooth is considered so threatened (because of decay, cracking, etc.) that future infection is considered likely or inevitable, removal of the pulp tissue from the pulp chamber, is advisable to prevent such infection. Usually, some inflammation and/or infection are already present within or below the tooth. To cure the infection and save the tooth, the dentist drills into the pulp chamber and removes the infected pulp by scraping it out of the root canals. Once this is done, the dentist fills the cavity with an inert material and seals up the opening. This procedure is known as root canal therapy.

Dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity.

Types of Dentures:

Removable partial dentures: Removable partial dentures are for patients who are missing some of their teeth on a particular arch.

Fixed partial dentures: also known as “crown and bridge”, are made from crowns that are fitted on the remaining teeth to act as abutments and pontics made from materials to resemble the missing teeth.

Complete dentures: Complete dentures or full mouth dentures are worn by patients who are missing all of the teeth in a single arch (i.e. the maxillary (upper arch) or mandibular (lower arch).

This is a teeth whitening procedure which uses light energy to accelerate the process of bleaching in a dental office along with the application of oxidizing agents. The effects of bleaching can last for several months, but may vary depending on the lifestyle of the patient.

Composite or porcelain laminates that are adhesively bonded to the surface of a tooth to correct and repair chips and cracks will improve a worn appearance or severe tooth discoloration. Veneers may also be recommended if you have gaps in your teeth or if you have not had success with teeth whitening.

A crown is a type of dental restoration which completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant and is typically bonded to the tooth using dental cement. Crowns can be made from many materials, which are usually fabricated using indirect methods. Crowns are often used to improve the strength or appearance of teeth.

A bridge is a dental restoration used to replace a missing tooth by joining permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants. There are different types of bridges, depending on how they are fabricated and the way they anchor to the adjacent teeth.

A Filling is a way to restore a tooth damaged by decay back to its normal function and shape. The decayed tooth material is first removed, the affected area cleaned, and then filling the cleaned out cavity with a filling material by closing off spaces where bacteria can enter. A filling also helps prevent further decay. Materials used for these white fillings are either composites or Glass Ionomers.

Dental Implant is an artificial tooth root used in dentistry to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth. Dental implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury or some other reason. Implant supported tooth/teeth look and feel very natural, you may forget you ever lost a tooth. Under proper conditions, such as placement by an Implantologist and diligent patient maintenance, implants can last a lifetime. Dental implants are intimately connected with the gum tissues and underlying bone in the mouth.

Inlays and onlays are sometimes referred to as partial crowns that are utilized when there is still a healthy enamel portion of the tooth. An inlay or onlay is a like a puzzle piece that will be fitted into the remaining portion of the tooth to help increase its strength. This piece is usually crafted out of porcelain or gold, but can also be made of a composite material.

Whether your tooth cracks from an injury or general wear and tear, you can experience a variety of symptoms ranging from erratic pain when you chew your food to sudden pain when your tooth is exposed to very hot or cold temperatures. In many cases, the pain may come and go and your dentist may have difficulty locating the tooth causing the discomfort. If you experience these symptoms or suspect a cracked tooth, it’s best to see an endodontist as soon as possible.

Endodontists specialize in saving cracked teeth and will cater treatment to the type, location, and extent of the crack. The sooner your tooth is treated, the better the outcome. Once treated, most cracked teeth continue to function as they should, for many years of pain-free biting and chewing.