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Tooth Fracture

Tooth fracture is usually the result of some sort of untreated dental issue that weakens the teeth and results in a fracture. For example, if you have a cracked tooth, it may eventually fracture as the result of repeated stress. This is part of the reason why it’s so important to seek dental care sooner rather than later. In these cases, you may notice the fracture when a piece of your tooth randomly comes loose in your mouth.

You should get dental care as soon as possible when you fracture a tooth, especially if you’ve sustained damage to other teeth or other parts of your mouth, especially the gums and tongue.

Smile Correction

It involves a comprehensive assessment of your smile aesthetics in order to improve its overall appearance. Typically, one or more cosmetic dentistry procedures, such as dental veneers, dental implants, gingival sculpting and teeth whitening, will be required for several teeth in both the upper and lower arches in order to achieve the look you want.

Tooth Jewellery

It is a brilliant way to add sparkles to your smile and stand out in a crowd. There is no drilling involved in this technique and your teeth are not harmed. Having a crystal glass design or a twinkle of diamond on your teeth is the latest fad.

Lesions/ patches in the mouth

Mouth lesions and sores rarely require immediate emergency medical attention, but they can be painful and embarrassing, especially if the sores are visible. A person with a mouth or tongue lesion has lumps, bumps, little ulcers, or cuts or sores inside or outside the mouth and lips. Viral and fungal infections are the main cause of mouth sores. Two of the most common causes of recurrent oral lesions are fever blisters (also known as cold sores) and canker sores. Cold sores on the mouth are likely caused by the herpessimplex virus 1, or herpes, which affects nearly two-thirds of all adults worldwide. Canker sores are small mouth ulcers that usually go away by themselves.

Any sores that persist need to be examined by your dentist.

Straightening teeth/ Orthodontic treatment

Orthodontics is the specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or can deal with the control and modification of facial growth. Orthodontic treatment can be carried out for purely aesthetic reasons with regards to improving the general appearance of patient’s teeth. Today’s orthodontics involves repositioning of the teeth and underlying roots, providing better support for the crown of the tooth. Orthodontic treatment is now associated with the benefits of greater esthetic appeal, increased comfort and reduced treatment time.

Braces work by the following method.
Teeth move through the use of force. The force applied by the arch wire pushes the tooth in a particular direction and a stress is created within the periodontal ligament. The modification of the periodontal blood supply determines a biological response which leads to bone remodeling.

Traditional braces are stainless steel, sometimes in combination with nickel titanium, and are the most widely used. These include conventional braces, which require ties to hold the arch wire in place, and newer self-tying (or self-ligating) brackets. Self-ligating brackets may reduce friction between the wire and the slot of the bracket, which in turn might be of therapeutic benefit.

Ceramic braces serve as a cosmetic alternative to traditional metal braces by blending in more with the natural colour of the teeth or having a less conspicuous or hidden appearance. Clear elastic ties and white metal ties are available to be used with these clear braces to help keep the appliances less conspicuous. These ceramic braces, or clear braces, have a higher component of friction and tend to be more brittle than metal braces.

Child Care Dentistry/Pediatric Dentistry

Child Care Dentistry/Pediatric Dentistry is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. This discipline focuses intimately on pediatric/adolescent growth and development, disease causality and prevention, child psychology and management, and all aspects of the highly-specialized Pediatric restorative techniques and modalities. Some Pediatric Dentists also specialize in the care of “special needs” patients, such as people with cerebral palsy, mental retardation and autism. Pediatric dentists require an extra two to three years of dental training that prepare them in meeting the unique dental needs of infant children and adolescent dental care. This also includes those with special health care needs.

Additionally pediatric dentists work towards the maintenance of primary teeth (baby teeth) until they are naturally lost. This is due to the importance they serve in permitting children to chew properly and therefore maintain good nutrition its role in speech development and the way it aids permanent teeth by saving space for them.

Gum diseases

Any condition that affects the gums and other structures supporting your teeth. However, bacteria cause the most common forms of gum diseases. These bacteria grow in a film called dental plaque that sticks on the tooth surfaces next to the gums. The bacteria can cause inflammation and infection. Gum diseases thus begin with bleeding gums, but can lead to tooth loss if allowed to continue. If you’re diagnosed with a gum disease, your periodontist(gum specialist) may recommend periodontal surgery. Periodontal surgery is necessary when your periodontist determines that the tissue around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment.

Tooth Extraction

Dentists and oral surgeons (dentists with special training to perform surgery) perform tooth extractions. Before pulling the tooth, your dentist will give you an injection of a local anesthetic to numb the area where the tooth will be removed. After the procedure, the doctor will instruct you about the precautions that need to be taken. A follow-up after a week will be scheduled to assess  your oral health.

Root Canal Treatments

In the situation that a tooth is considered so threatened (because of decay, cracking, etc.) that future infection is considered likely or inevitable, removal of the pulp tissue from the pulp chamber, is advisable to prevent such infection. Usually, some inflammation and/or infection are already present within or below the tooth. To cure the infection and save the tooth, the dentist drills into the pulp chamber and removes the infected pulp by scraping it out of the root canals. Once this is done, the dentist fills the cavity with an inert material and seals up the opening. This procedure is known as root canal therapy.

Dentures

Dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity.

Types of Dentures:

Removable partial dentures: Removable partial dentures are for patients who are missing some of their teeth on a particular arch.

Fixed partial dentures: also known as “crown and bridge”, are made from crowns that are fitted on the remaining teeth to act as abutments and pontics made from materials to resemble the missing teeth.

Complete dentures: Complete dentures or full mouth dentures are worn by patients who are missing all of the teeth in a single arch (i.e. the maxillary (upper arch) or mandibular (lower arch).