Endodontics deals with the tooth pulp and the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth. Endodontists perform a variety of procedures including Root Canal Therapy, Endodontic Re-treatment, Endodontic Surgery, treating Cracked Teeth, and treating Dental Trauma. Endodontic therapy is a sequence of treatment for the pulp of a tooth whose end result is the elimination of infection and protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion.
Root canal treatment: In the situation that a tooth is considered so threatened (because of decay, cracking, etc.) that future infection is considered likely or inevitable, removal of the pulp tissue from the pulp chamber, is advisable to prevent such infection. Usually, some inflammation and/or infection are already present within or below the tooth. To cure the infection and save the tooth, the dentist drills into the pulp chamber and removes the infected pulp by scraping it out of the root canals. Once this is done, the dentist fills the cavity with an inert material and seals up the opening. This procedure is known as root canal therapy.
Inlays and Onlays: Inlays and onlays are sometimes referred to as partial crowns that are utilized when there is still a healthy enamel portion of the tooth. An inlay or onlay is a like a puzzle piece that will be fitted into the remaining portion of the tooth to help increase its strength. This piece is usually crafted out of porcelain or gold, but can also be made of a composite material.
An inlay is used when there is not damage to any of the cusps of your tooth and is essentially place within these cusps. An onlay is used when there is slightly more extensive damage to the tooth structure. This type of restoration is placed over at least one of the cusps on the tooth.